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云南省德宏热带农业科学研究所(简称德宏热作所),位于中国(云南)自由贸易试验区德宏片区瑞丽市,1962年12月成立,隶属云南省农垦局。主要承担国家和地方的关键性、战略性的热带经济作物基础性科学研究和创新性应用研究任务,开展新品种选育、现代生态农业技术集成研究与推广及科技成果应用转化,提供热带植物品种鉴定、标准制定、病虫草害预警,农产品质量安全风险评估、种植技术咨询、培训和科普教育等基础科研和公益性服务,为热区资源保护、产业发展和生态安全提供理论依据和技术支撑。

全所下设党委、综合、财务、科研等4个职能办公室和橡胶、咖啡、药用植物、果蔬花卉、检测、科技成果等6个科研技术创新与成果转化研究中心及2个开发部门(科技培训中心、城北农贸市场)。现有退休职工153人(2021年),在职职工87人,其中高级职称20人,中级职称35人,硕士学历31人,在读博士2人;科技人才中有云南省创新人才6人,享受国务院政府特殊和省政府特殊津贴3人,云南省突出贡献专家2人;受聘国家天然橡胶产业技术体系试验站长1人、中国热带作物学会常委理事南药专委会主任1人、云南省高原特色农业产业专家顾问团咖啡专业委员会副主任1人、云南省现代农业产业技术体系岗位专家2人。是国家天然橡胶产业技术体系德宏综合试验站和农业部农产品质量安全风险评估实验站的建设依托单位,中国热带作物学会南药专委会、云南省精品咖啡学会、中国咖啡工程研究中心的牵头单位,建有咖啡国际合作基地,与葡萄牙等6国的科研机构和国际组织建立了长期稳定的合作关系。

全所占地1470亩,其中科研试验示范基地1300余亩、建有国家天然橡胶抗寒前哨点、抗寒高产新品种区域试验区、国家热带作物种质分库,农业农村部种质资源圃2个、良种繁育基地3个、标准化示范园3个;园区保存咖啡种质资源6种701份,石斛种质资源191种511份,药用植物65种320份及热带水果、花卉等热带植物资源272多种1980多份,腊叶标本4800多份;建有温室设施12000㎡、科研实验楼9000㎡,拥有Thermo液质(TSQ)、气质(ISQ)联用仪等先进仪器设备约300台(套)等科研平台,全所拥有固定资产价值约2亿元。

    60年来,在各级党委、政府的关心支持下,德宏热作所干部职工团结奋斗,攻坚克难,凝智前行,不断创新,共承担各级各类科研项目200多项,其中获省部级科技进步奖11项,其中国家发明奖1项、国家二等奖1项,地州级科技进步奖80多项,审定咖啡新品种3个,注册登记石斛新品种11个,授权国家发明专利22件,制定行业标准8项,出版专著5部,橡胶、咖啡、石斛等新品种、新技术示范推广200多万亩,技术辐射云南临沧、普洱等13个地州及四川、西藏、广西、贵州等省份及邻国缅甸木姐,眉苗等地,为热作产业发展和边疆少数民族地区脱贫攻坚提供有力的科技支撑、为我国热带农业发展和“一带一路”建设做出了重要贡献。

Dehong Tropical Agriculture Research Institute of Yunnan (DTARI) was founded in December, 1962. And it is one of the four research institutes of Yunnan Provincial Agricultural Reclamation Bureau. It mainly undertakes national and local key and strategic research projects on basic scientific research and innovative application of tropical economic crops, and carries out selection and breeding of new varieties, integration research and promotion of modern ecological agriculture technology, application and transformation of scientific and technological achievements. To provide basic scientific research and public welfare services, such as identification of tropical plant varieties, standard setting, early warning of pests and diseases, agricultural product quality and safety risk assessment, planting technology consultation and training, popular science education etc,. To provide theoretical foundation and technical support for tropical area resource protection, industrial development and ecological security.

In 2023, there were 92 employees, including 64 professional and technical personnel, 3 management personnel and 25 work personnel. Among the professional and technical personnel, there are 2 doctors (in studying), 24 masters, 34 undergraduates and 6 college students. According to the division title, there are 5 researchers, 11 associate researchers, 28 assistant researchers, 14 Research Assistant. There are 2 experts with outstanding contributions in Yunnan Province, 3 people who enjoy Yunnan provincial government subsidies, and 5 people had been selected as an innovative talents training object in Yunnan Province. DTARI has 6 professional research centers (rubber, coffee, medicinal plants, horticultural plants, testing and transformation of scientific and technological achievements etc.), 3 functional offices (technical management, administration and finance, etc.), two technical support departments (Technical training center, Chengbei Farmers Market).

The institute covers an area of 1,470 Mu (or 100ha), including about 1,333 Mu (or 89ha) of scientific research and demonstration bases. The Ruili Coffee Germplasm Resources and the Ruili Dendrobium Germplasm Resources identified and awarded by the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Areas have been established. There was the Agricultural Products Quality and Safety Risk Assessment Experimental Station of the Ministry of Agriculture, and the National Natural Rubber Industry Technical System-Dehong Comprehensive Experimental Station. 3 fine variety of seed breeding bases such as rubber, coffee and sarcophagus, and coffee, Dendrobium and Moringa stand ardized planting demonstration garden awarded by Ministry of Agriculture and Rural etc., research platform. And it presved924 species, 2029copies of tropical crop germplasm resources, including coffee 5 species, 550 copies; 379 copies, 119  f Dendrobium, more than 1,100 copies, above 800 species of South medicine and tropical fruits and vegetables and flowers. It has a total laboratory area of 9000m2, intelligent isolation greenhouse of 1200m2, ordinary greenhouse 6000m2, coffee rust lab (cooperating with Portuguese CIFC), coffee cup testing lab, biotechnology lab, medicinal plant tissue culture lab, Be certified agricultural product testing center lab and other experimental platforms, technology radiates 13 prefectures in Yunnan Province and Sichuan, Tibet, Guangxi, etc., 20 test sites spread throughout Yunnan’s cooperative enterprises, co-op and small farmers. The above platform provide strong foundational and technical support for Yunnan Tropical crop research and industrial development.